Cambodia is a relatively safe country, and the political situation is generally quite stable. There are frequent instances of petty crime like pickpocketing and burglary, but expats don't need to be paranoid, just cautious.
One of the biggest risks to safety in Cambodia outside the city centres is landmines. Expats should never wander off the main thoroughfares in rural Cambodia and avoid any rockets, artillery shells, mortars, mines, bombs or other war materials they may come across. The most heavily landmined part of the country is along the Thai border area.
Health risks in Cambodia
Malaria is common in Cambodia, and anti-malarial precautions should be taken in almost all areas of the country, though Phnom Penh is considered risk-free. Dengue fever, also transmitted by mosquitoes, is prevalent in heavily populated areas, and the risk increases during the rainy season. Expats living in Cambodia should make use of insect repellent and keep their skin covered, even during the day.
Heatstroke, dehydration and sunburn are also risks in Cambodia, especially during the hottest months, March to May. Expats can avoid these risks by drinking plenty of clean water and staying indoors during the hottest hours.
Food and water safety in Cambodia
Tap water is not suitable for drinking, but bottled water is widely available. Expats should also avoid uncooked meat, unpeeled fruit, salads and food sold by street vendors, and beverages with ice.
Crime in Cambodia
Expats and foreign tourists are attractive targets for criminals, but violent crime is rare in Cambodia. On the other hand, petty crime is fairly common, especially in crowded spots like beaches and tourist areas. Bag snatching is prevalent and is often committed by people on scooters or motorbikes rushing past unsuspecting victims. Expats can lower their risk of being attacked by being vigilant and keeping their valuables out of sight, especially after dark.
Road safety in Cambodia
Cambodia has a high rate of road traffic accidents. Most roads are in poor condition, and travelling after dark is particularly risky. Hazards include overloaded vehicles, erratic driving, vehicles without lights and stray cattle.
Landmines in Cambodia
Cambodia remains one of the most heavily landmined countries in the world. Mined areas are typically unmarked. When hiking or visiting rural areas or temple complexes, expats should travel with a local guide and never stray off the main paths.
Terrorism in Cambodia
There is some risk of terrorism in Cambodia. Expats should avoid political gatherings and protests. Some governments advise their nationals to avoid the Cambodian-Thai border areas because of ongoing border disputes.