The Japanese banking system is one of the best and most reliable in the world. Expats banking in Japan have a variety of international and local banks to choose from. This makes opening an account a simple process.
However, expats may be surprised to learn that Japan remains a largely cash-based society (although this is gradually changing). Most transactions are done in cash, and credit cards are usually reserved for massive purchases. Luckily, it's quite safe to walk around with a considerable amount of cash, however, the usual precautions should always be taken.
Currency in Japan
The local currency is the Japanese Yen, abbreviated to JPY or ¥.
The Japanese Yen is available in the following denominations:
Notes: 1,000 JPY; 2,000 JPY; 5,000 JPY and 10,000 JPY
Coins: 1 JPY, 5 JPY, 10 JPY, 50 JPY, 100 JPY and 500 JPY
Banking in Japan
Both local and international banks offer a range of services to expats in Japan, with the most prominent local banks being Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, Japan Post Bank, Mizuho Financial Group and Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group, while international banks in Japan include Citibank, HSBC and Barclays.
Opening a bank account
Expats can easily open a bank account at any local or international bank once they have their Zairyu Card (residence card). Expats may also need to bring their passports and visas, but this varies depending on the bank.
It's highly recommended that expats get a hanko, an official stamp with their name in characters, before opening a bank account. In Japan, the hanko is the equivalent of a Western signature, and it will make life much easier.
Not all banks have English-speaking staff or English versions of their services, such as online banking. Expats should shop around to find the best bank suited to their particular needs.
ATMs and credit cards
ATMs can be found easily, especially in big cities. However, if located outside of Tokyo, machines might not have English options, so it's helpful to write down the important characters to be able to use the ATM.
As mentioned, Japan remains a largely cash-based society and credit cards are not a popular means of payment. Nevertheless, credit cards are accepted at most large hotels, restaurants and retailers.
Taxes in Japan
Expats will be required to pay two types of tax while in Japan – income tax, usually worked out as a percentage of one's salary (ranging from 5 percent to the maximum 45 percent), and the annual resident tax, which depends on where an expat lives. The resident tax is worked out every year and is only applicable if living in Japan for longer than a year.
Several factors determine a person's tax residency status. Permanent residents are liable for tax on their worldwide income, non-permanent residents are taxed on their Japanese income and foreign income paid into Japan, and non-resident taxpayers are only liable for tax on their income earned in Japan.
It's a good idea to see a tax advisor on arrival in Japan, as the tax system is quite complicated and can change at short notice. There might also be a treaty between one's home country and Japan which could affect the taxes payable.